Heating Element Design Basics Nichrome 80, Nichrome 60

Ohm’ Law Formulas:

  • Volts = Amperes X Ohms
  • Amperes = Volts/Ohms
  • Ohms = Volts/Amperes
  • Watts = Volts X Amperes
  • Watts = (Volts X Volts) / Ohms
  • Watts = Amperes X Amperes X Ohms
  • Ohms = Watts / (Amperes X Amperes)

Please see the various tables referred to in this section at:

Nichrome Technical Data Page

Note the amperage values in the Current/Temperature Table. *AND YES WE SELL NICR 80 WIRE, bare and insulated* you can assume that the amperage value for a *coiled* wire is roughly 30-60% less than the capacity of a *straight* wire as referred to in the table. (So divide amps in the table by 2 for your initial calculations)

Using Ohm’s Law above, & tables (see the Increased Resistance Table), you can calculate the watts at your intended voltage (115 being most common).

See the Wattage/Amperage/Hot Ohms Table. Note that it is based on 115 V.

Taking into account the available space, you can select a wire size that will provide the required wattage. From the amount of total Hot Ohms of your element design, you can use Ohms/Ft Table to estimate the amount of feet you will need of a given size.

General Design Tips

Use this information as a guide only. The finished element should be thoroughly tested to verify that the rise in resistance with temperature has been properly accounted for.

If additional technical info on designing heating elements is desired, please request more design info from our sales dept at sales@wiretron.com

Terminate elements by brazing, welding, or spot welding if possible. Pressure joints may be used but there is a possibility of poor contact due to yielding of the clamping device. In such a case, two nuts used to clamp the element are better than one alone.

Allow room in your design for expansion and contraction of the element.